Vegetable Gardening for Beginners
April 3, 2018
In this brief article I wanted to share my new project, which is a garden. Everyone should be doing this because it’s a lot of fun and great to grow and eat your own foods! Plus it’s great exercise.
There is nothing better than fresh organic vegetables, especially if it is your caring care that has brought them to maturity. If you’ve always dreamed of having a vegetable garden, but you do not know how to do it, here are some basic tips that should help you get started. Spring is upon us and it’s time to start planning your kitchen garden.
The ideal location
Obviously, the location of your vegetable garden is very important. When you choose where you are going to implement it, you have to keep in mind several parameters:
Your garden should receive direct sunlight for as long as possible each day. A few darker hours in the morning or late afternoon should not be too damaging, but a vegetable garden requires a minimum of 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.
You will need to water your vegetables very often; we must immediately think of the proximity of a tap. You can also bring a garden hose long enough!
It must be flat so that the water does not flow until it has penetrated well into the earth.
It is best to choose a location protected from heavy gusts, if you live in a region that is subject to it.
Your garden should be at least 5 meters from any large tree (such as a maple or willow). The roots of these are long and “steal” the nutrients and water your vegetables need to grow well.
If you have enough space elsewhere, it’s not a good idea to plant your vegetables too close to the wall of the house. When you do not have a choice, it can still be done, but make sure that it is the wall that is exposed to the south.
The different types of vegetable gardens
There are many ways to grow a garden. Here is an overview:
The vegetable garden in squares
This is the most effective way to start. This type of vegetable garden consists of one or more squares (usually 4 X 4 feet) slightly elevated in which one can plant several species. We can find sets of departure in specialized stores, but it is also possible to build your squares with planks or by stacking blocks if you are a little handyman. The big advantage of this method is that the quality of the land does not matter because it fills the squares of soil and compost purchased.
Choosing the right watering system
A big part of having a successful garden is a proper watering system. Larger gardens often times automate this system using times and sprinklers. If you’re doing a smaller garden then you should buy a garden hose or even several garden hoses that will reach the furthest parts of your garden. I found some very useful information on gardenhoseadviser.com where they discuss the effects on different hose materials on the plants and soil.
Most people overlook the importance of the materials of different garden hoses. Be sure to look into the BPA free materials, which can have a huge impact on plant growth. The other big thing to look for is how well the garden hose will stand up over time. You will want it to perform for many years to come, since the aren’t cheap.
In the open ground
Whether you choose to grow in rows or plots, you will first need to remove all the grass, if necessary, and then return the soil to the entire surface to a depth of about 30 cm, adding a few bags of soil and compost. Your land must become supple and malleable. To make the job easier, you can put simple boards (old barn wood, for example) between the rows, which will allow you to circulate more easily for maintenance.
The tools you will need
Since this is your first vegetable garden and you do not know yet if this will become a real passion, it is not necessary to invest astronomical amounts in the tooling. You can very well maintain your little piece of land with basic tools:
A spade: it is useful for removing the turf layer (cutting the roots), turning the soil and cutting curbs. It can also be used as a shovel.
- A hoe: to aerate the soil around the plants and pull out the weeds.
- A claw with teeth: useful for weeding, loosening, ventilating and cleaning the earth.
- A rake: to equalize the area.
There are many other tools you may want to buy later: fork, shovel, wheelbarrow, transplanter, shears, sieves, etc.
And of course, do not forget gardening gloves, very useful for avoiding blisters and other minor injuries.
Starting a Garden in the City:
Cultivate a vegetable garden in town on a small surface or even without land at all, it is possible. The pleasure of picking a ripe tomato or savoring a crunchy salad is no longer unattainable dreams for city dwellers. Indeed, thanks to varieties well chosen, grown in a kitchen garden above ground , it is now within the reach of everyone! Discover how to put all the odds on your side to succeed a mini vegetable garden in town.
Starting a Garden in your Apartment:
When the available space is reduced, do not imagine being able to feed an entire family with a small vegetable garden in town. By cons, it is easy to grow some vegetables and aromatics in a garden, on a terrace, a balcony or even a window sill.
A minimum of sun is essential for the vegetable garden to prosper. A south or south-west orientation is ideal. However, if your vegetable garden does not receive more than 4 hours of sun a day, prefer the cultivation of salads, radishes, parsley, mint or chives . In the case of a north-facing or very shady space, think instead of the LED kitchen garden that will compensate for the lack of sun.
Enjoy a small vegetable garden ANYWHERE!
To create a kitchen garden in the city, the solutions of cultivation above ground do not miss. The vegetable patch is perfect in a small garden as well as bag culture, also very practical on a balcony. Raised or vertical garden solutions are ideal for a balcony or terrace. It only has to choose according to the available place and the desired style! Once installed, your garden will give the best of himself if you give him some attention.
It is particularly useful to include flowers that attract pollinating insects (yarrow, for example) or act as a repellent for unwanted (the marigold among others).
Finally, give your vegetable garden some pretty label-plant labels that will allow you to easily spot your plantations. It is also a decorative touch not to neglect! And then, enjoy your new vegetable garden as soon as possible by sowing radish in March, if the weather is mild. You can eat the first 20 days after!